Archive for the ‘Modern Macedonia’ Category

Macedonia, A Plea for the Primitive, 1921

Friday, December 12th, 2008

(more…)

John Rylands Book-1914

Sunday, November 23rd, 2008

In 1914, a study was done on the continuity of the Greek ethnicity and how Greeks have been able to absorb other groups who have come into historical Greek lands while maintaining their culture and of course their language.

A letter to Serbian President

Wednesday, October 29th, 2008

Your Excellency,
Respected President of the Republic of Serbia

On occasion of the last important act in the relationships of Republic of Serbia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, namely, the forced recognition of a so-called independence of Kosovo and Metohija, integral parts of Serbia, the administration of Serbia led by you, did not, unfortunately demonstrated determination to use legitimate means in order to protect the state interests of Serbia.

With the decision of the Government of FYROM to give an illusion of international legitimacy to the alienated Serbian province, the tradition of friendship between peoples of Republic of Serbia and FYROM, which is based on centuries old common cultural and historical ties and great convergence that both peoples have one towards the other in various spheres of life, has been brutally trampled upon.

You are, as a politician and observer of the contemporary Serbian history, aware that with the recognition of independence of FYROM under the name “Republic of Macedonia” from the former totalitarian regime, that this decision, brought for resolution of petty daily politics, especially heavily damaged the dignity of the friendly Greek people.

Allow me to remind you, Your Excellency, that two centuries bear witness of cooperation in good and evil times between Serbia and Greece, strongly characterized by idealistic deed motivated by altruism from individual Greeks and from the Governments of the Hellenic Republic and Cyprus. Greeks, often in clash with their other interests, strongly stood in defense of Serbia, her freedom and dignity, representing a bastion of freedom at the Peninsula interwoven with tragedy.

Macedonia is indeed an ancient Greek land, where Greek language was spoken and written, Olympian deities were celebrated and from which the Hellenistic empire was created. Macedonia is a pride of Hellenism and Hellenes, which today are keen on their traditions. Macedonia is not spatially, nor historically, nor culturally related with FYROM and her Slavic demographic majority.

For the purpose of ideal solution which would partially payed the debt toward the friendly Greek people, for the purpose of establishing the truth that Macedonia is Greek and that the irredentism which is proliferated during the last years by Skoplje represents a danger to security of the Balkans, it is rightful and matter of principles that the Republic of Serbia recognizes FYROM under that very name. That is in same time, an adequate answer in opposition of the hostile act of support of tearing a Serbian state territory by official Skoplje.

Having faith in you, i present my proposal
convinced in its validity.

Sincerely yours,
Vasko Gligorijevi?

Skoplje, FYROM

__________________
http://www.youtube.com/user/Gligorow

Original letter in Serbian…

Vaša Ekselencijo,

Poštovani Predsedni?e Republike Srbije

Povodom poslednjeg bitnog ?ina u odnosima Republike Srbije i Bivše
Jugoslovenske Republike Makedonije, imeno, usiljenog priznanja
takozvane samostalnosti Kosova I Metohije kao integralnog dela
Republike Srbije, organi vlasti Srbije na ?elu sa Vama nisu, nažalost,
pokazali odlu?nost u upotrebi legitimnih sredstava za zaštitu državnih
interesa Srbije.

Odlukom vlade BJRM da otu?enoj srpskoj pokrajini da privid me?unarodne
zvani?nosti brutalno je pogažena tradicija prijateljstva koja postoji
izme?u naroda Republike Srbije i BJRM, a koja se temelje na vekovnim
zajedni?kim kulturnim i istorijskim vezama i snažnom upu?enoš?u koju
ova dva naroda imaju jedni prema drugom u raznim sferama života.

Vi ste kao politi?ar i posmatra? savremene srpske istorije svesni da
se svojevremenim priznanjem nezavisnosti BJRM pod imenom “Republika
Makedonija” od strane bivšeg totalitaristi?kog režima da je isti, u
cilju zadovoljavanja dnevno-politi?kih potreba, osobeno teško
povredilo dostojanstvo prijateljskog gr?kog naroda.

Dozvolite da Vas podsetim, Vaša Ekselencijo, da skoro dva veka svedo?e
o saradnji u dobru i zlu izme?u Srbije I Gr?ke, snažno okarakterisanu
idealisti?kim delima podkrepljenim altruizmom kako od pojedinaca Grka
tako i od vlada Helenske Republike i Kipra.Grci su, ?esto u
protivre?nosti sa njihovim interesima, snažno stali u odbranu Srbije,
njene slobode i dostojanstva, predstavljaju?i bedem slobode na
tragedijom prožetom Poluostrovu.

Makedonija jeste drevna gr?ka zemlja, gde se govorila i pisala gr?ka
re?, slavili olimpijski bogovi i iz koje je potekla helenisti?ka
imperija.Makedonija je dika Helenizma I Helena, koji I danas visoko
drže do svega tradicionalnog i vrednog poštovanja. Makedonija ni
prostorno, ni istorijski, ni kulturno nema veze sa BJRM i sa njenom
slovenskom demografskom ve?inom.

U cilju izvršenja idealnog rešenja koje bi poravnalo dug koji imamo ka
prijateljskom gr?kom narodu, u svrhu uspostavljanja istine da je
Makedonija gr?ka i da je iredentizam koji se posljednjih godina
proizvodi u Skoplju opasan po bezbednost Balkana, pravilno je i
principijelno da Republika Srbija prizna BJRM pod tim imenom, za sve
vrste upotreba. To je,ujedno, i adekvatan odgovor nasuprot
neprijateljskom ?inu podrške komadanja srpske državne teritorije od
strane zvani?nog Skoplja.

Uzdaju?i se u Vas, predajem Vam moj predlog
ube?en u njegovu ispravnost.

Iskreno Vaš,
Vasko Gligorijevi?

Skoplje, BJRM
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FYROM: The Troublemaker of the Balkans?

Wednesday, October 22nd, 2008

 

FYROM: The Troublemaker of the Balkans?

Nicolas Mottas
October 21, 2008

One of the most significant decades-long problem in South Eastern Europe is the irripresible political use of history and national symbols by region’s governments. The case of ‘Macedonia’ is an example of the above assumption. Since its birth as a state entity in 1991, just after the dissolution of the united Yugoslavia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) has based its own existence in the appropriation and use of ancient Greek names and symbols. That created de facto a clone-state without a concrete national identity; a ‘ticking bomb’ in the heart of the Balkans, as the UN High Representative in Kosovo described FYROM in December 2000.

Since its independence from Yugoslavia the state of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia remains a thorn in the heart of South Eastern Europe, being a factor of political unsteadiness for the broader region. There are two major issues which create justifiable concern and doubts regarding FYROM’s contribution to Peace and Security in the Balkan peninsula: A first – and most significant – issue is the known naming-dispute with neighbouring Greece. Since its creation in 1991 and until today, Skopje bases its policy on imbecilic and anachronistic irredentist ideologies. The Greek position, being in accordance with the principles of International Law, is that nationalistic, chauvinistic and irredentist policies do not have place in the region. Therefore the appropriation of Macedonia’s name, of ancient Greek symbols (e.g Vergina Sun) and the invention of supposed minorities (e.g. Macedonian Minority) must not be used as the ‘Trojan Horse’ of irredentism. That is the actual and fundamental problem in the relations between Athens and Skopje. Greece does not express a hypersensitive or insubstantial theory about its historical heritage – on the contrary, Greece clearly defines that chauvinism must be completely abolished from Balkan politics, something which FYROM’s leadership seems not to understand. Or, perhaps, it does not want to understand it.

Furthermore, the governments of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have failed to consort with the UN-sponsored Interim Accord of 1995, broking specific provisions of that agreement. According to a U.S. Senate Resolution (SR 300), submitted in August 2007 by senators Barack Obama, Olympia Snowe and Robert Menendez, Skopje must “stop the utilization of materials that violate provisions of the United Nations-brokered Interim Agreement between FYROM and Greece regarding hostile activities or propaganda” (Article 7, Paragraph 1 of the Interim Accord). Additionally to that, the current Prime Minister of FYROM have done his best in order to break provisions of the 1995 Agreement, by grossly interfering in domestic Greek politics. He did that through public statements and interviews, either by refering to Greece’s political scandals – which have nothing to do with his business – or by posing to international organizations nonsensical issues regarding supposed repression of ethnic minorities in Greece. But such actions consist violation of Article 6 (Paragraph 2) of the Interim Accord which prohibits Skopje’s interference in the internal affairs of neighbouring Greece.

A second issue has to do with Human Rights’ protection in FYROM, within the frame of Democracy’s establishment in the country. According to the 2003 Amnesty International report for the former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia, opposition journalists and Human Rights activists face extrajudicial executions and intimidation. Furthermore, the Internationa Helsinki Federation for Human Rights has reported Police harassment of ethnic minorities, including Albanians and Roma. But its not only that. On January 11, 2004, the local authorities arrested Bishop Jovan of Ohrid and Exarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Skopje, a case which created obvious concern in the European Union regarding the protection of religious freedoms in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. In addition to the above, FYROM’s political stability is still in doubt as long as 25% of its population are ethnic Albanians. Despite the 2001 Framework Agreement of Ohrid which brough an end to the fighting between Slavophones and Albanians, the problem still exists as a factor of fluidity in the broader region. The solution to the issue passes through the European perspective of FYROM as well as its participation in the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

However, Skopje’s declinatory political attitude of irredentism leads the country far from the international organizations; actually, it leads to nowhere. From its side, Greece wants FYROM’s existence as a stable state-entity, full member of the EU and NATO. It should be noted, once more, that the Greek governments have supported EU economic aid to FYROM, while Greece is the number one foreign investor in the country with around $1 invested capital, creating thousands of job opportunities. Athens has expressed its constant support to FYROM’s European perspective, but with the infrangible prerequisite that there will be an accepted solution: a compound name with a geographic qualifier for all uses. Nevertheless, even today, Skopje remains attached to its years-long perverse intrasigence, trying to dynamite dialogue: recently, FYROM’s leadership rejected another one proposal, submitted by the UN Mediator Matthew Nimetz. Until when? If the leadership of Skopje wants to stabilize FYROM’s creaky existence, then they have to fully understand something: that intrasigent and nationalistic practices must be abandoned as soon as possible. The future of the country is within the European Union and NATO, in harmonious co-existence with its neighbours, including Greece. Otherwise, FYROM will remain a ‘ticking bomb’ in the heart of South Eastern Europe – but then, it won’t last for ever.

http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/78494

www.macedoniaontheweb.com/forum
www.history-of-macedonia.com

HistoryOfMacedonia Blog

The North American Review-1919

Tuesday, October 21st, 2008