Posts Tagged ‘Bulgarian’

The North American Review-1919

Tuesday, October 21st, 2008

Serbian folklorist and linguist, Vuk Stefanovich Karadjich

Thursday, September 18th, 2008
In 1822 the Serbian folklorist and linguist, Vuk Stefanovich Karadjich (1787-1864), published the first work containing grammatical facts about the Bulgarian language. Interestingly Karadjich’s analysis of the Bulgarian language was based on the Macedonian dialects. Prior to formation of the Bulgarian Exarchate in 1870, there was a small, but influential group of Serbians, mainly politicians and some academics, who supported the concept of a “Greater Serbia”. However, this was not the popular view and most Serbians saw Bulgarians as their Slav brothers and foresaw a close future relationship. In 1860, the Serbian Academic Society published Bosnian Croat, Stefan Verkovich’s first volume of “Folk Songs of the Macedonian Bulgarian” awarding him the Serbian “Uceno Druzestvo” (Scholar’s Society), in his preface Verkovich said:

I call these songs Bulgarian and not Slavic, because if someone today should ask the Macedonian Slav “what are you?” he would be immediately be told: “I am Bulgarian” and would call his language ‘Bulgarian’

Travels in European Turkey in 1850

Sunday, September 14th, 2008

I’ll present JUST ONE BOOK written by Edmund Spencer who traveled to Macedonia and other parts of Ottoman Turkey in 1850. He clearly tells us that the population of Macedonia was Greek, Bulgarian, and Servian that the Osman’s fear would begin insurrections. Furthermore, well before the establishment of the Bulgarian Exarchate, Spencer clearly describes the people of Uskiub (Skopje ), Zagochori (in Epirus), and Bitoglia (Bitola/Monastiri)… he also explains that they attend the Greek church, in Bitola, but clearly states that the congregation of that church is mostly Bulgarian, with a few Greeks, and Zinzars.This boo0k was written in 1851 well before the Excharhate  schism of 1870.


The Times article dated March 1944

Friday, September 12th, 2008

To all Lost Souls pf Pseudomacedonia

Wednesday, September 10th, 2008

To all Lost Souls pf Pseudomacedonia: -The Fallacy of Their Cause

Interlocutors of Slavic spiritual, cultural and biological origin, originating from the area of fmr. Vardarska Banovina, wherever are you now, listen to my arguments against your contradictory, inconsistent, ignorant patchwork of informations and its abuse via unscientific methods.

I have stated my basic bibliography many times, but another one is not too much: I am a Serb, graduated archaeology in 2002, worked as volunteer at couple of dozens excavation and in laboratory work.Apart from Serbian, I speak your Bulgarian dialect elevated in 1940’s by Communists into “Macedonian literature standard”, English, Russian, Bulgarian, Old Church Slavonic and Latin.From 2005 I am student of History at UKIM, with my last undergraduate year being 2008/9

Just like all of you, I used to accept the “Macedonian truth” about our unity as a people and our victimization by neighbors, primarily by Greeks. I was more exposed to anti-Greek propaganda (”600.000 Macedonians under Greek slavery” etc, of that type),not least because I was a half-Aegean from a sociobiological perspective and I grew in “Aegean” household.But starting to realize that “Macedoniasm” is based on lies, conclusions which I reached via extensive contact with foreign historic, anthropological, lingustic literature, I rejected my Pseudomacedonian identity, accepted the Serbian one, as an authentic centuries old identity in the northern strip of FYROM from where my patrilinear ancestors originate from.
After that I confronted the establishment at UKIM, both during my first studies and now , more vigourosly, during the second. I came to conclusion that this particular brands of lies that are produced by the Academia or are being produced by various individuals (Donski, Tentov et al) and are condoned and praised by highest institutions represent a ferocious attack on our true Slavic, Bulgaro-Serbian being which includes a number of semi-assimiliated Greaco-Vlachs and that such brazen ideology is generator of crisis in the wider Balkan area.

The number of opponents of the Pseudomacedonistic ideology is now small, but visible.Among the Serbian community mechanisms of cultural conservatism and innovation are rich enough to secure distinct, non-pseudomacedonian ethnic identity. The Pseudomacedonian mass is decaying by the acts of Bulgarian irredenta (passports, radical VMRO fractions, annual festivities of Bulgarian history, FYROMian students in Bulgaria).Greeks are starting with progressive tempo their own initiatives regarding the organization and stimulation of cultural and political initiatives of Greek type among Vlach population of Monastiri/Bitola, Gevgeli and Krušovo.

In such vibrant situation upon which the emotions extrapolated from the ongoing negotiations are interwoven, you have choosed Pseudomacedonian nationalism as an answer to your thirst for national identity and national path after the collapse of Yugoslav Communistic ideology.In the name of aprioristic dogmatic “truths” which energize you, you are spending time in “hypermacedonization”: ad nauseum proclamation of the holy “truths” of the Pseudomacedonism, the crucial among which is the claim that todays “Makedonci” of FYROM are direct descendants of Alexander’s Macedonians, which in turn were quite distinct from Greeks and from which today’s “Makedonci” inherited the genetic basis, their language (!), culture (including folklore) and a “right” to expand and embrace alleged 1.000.000 more of their kin, primarily in Greece, then Bulgaria, Albania and Serbia.

Well, let me disappoint you by demolition of your thesis:

1.Ancient Macedonians were a conglomerate of Greek tribes and clans constituting a conservative monarchistic military democracy , essentially an evolved extension of Dorian and on longer period, Indo-European system of social architecture.

2.Ancient Macedonians were long time before Phillip and Alexander considered Greeks by other Greeks and they were allowed to participate in the Olympic Games, an event in which only ethnic Greeks were allowed to participate.Persian used the term “Yauna Takabara” (Greek wearing a hat) for Macedonians already in the V century BCE

3.Dozens of epigraphic objects predating the epoch of Phillip and Alexander show clearly a Greek language of North-Western type.

4. The names of Macedonians were not an import from the south since there is a marked deficit of names of eminent Athenians and other Greeks south from Macedonia

5. From its prehistoric inception, Macedonia was an area which was for the most part, even more restrictive in size than todays Greek Macedonia.Only much later lower 15% of today’s FYROM came within the borders of Macedonia, probably without significant ethnic changes among native Paeonian stock, situated from ancient times North-Eastern from Macedonians, bordering on Thracians in Eastern FYROM, Dardanians in the line of Tetovo-Skoplje-Kumanovo and Illyrians proper from Ohrid to Ki?evo and Debar.As you may see, FYROM was essentially never Macedonia neither ethnically nor politically.

6.Expansion of Macedonia under Alexander the Great shows progressive patronage of Hellenic way of life, culture and civilization.The entire enormous opus of linguistic material on three continents was exclusively in Greek.Isn’t it strange that the dominating Macedonian element, if it was ethnically of alien nature vis-a-vis Greeks, did not left hundreds, if not thousands monuments in its alleged separate, non-Greek language as a sign of its prestige?From those times we have testimonies of the historians about Hellenic ethnic identity of chief historical protagonist among Macedonians.

10.Analysis of the entire corpus of Macedonian-authored inscription reveal a form of Greek which is quite different from the Ionic dialects and which has self-developed Greek features , thus proving that the Greek language among Macedonians is not borrowing.

11. There is a gap of 900 years from the Macedonia of Alexander to the arrival of Slavs, a North-Eastern agricultural people whose arrival is recorded by Gothic, Byzantine and Arab sources, confirmed with archaeology and attested with the extensive name changes of ancient geonymes.These Slavs, i.e. the part of them which overlapped Macedonia never took the name Macedonians for themselves, nor there was any mixture between the Greek and Vlach Christian population and the pagan newcomers.It would appear that from 7th and 8th century to the formation of Samuel Empire in 10th these people are known as Bulgarians.The first Slavic text in the area of FYROM show Bulgarian features, while the Bitola text confirms the Bulgarian ethnology of the dynasty and people.DAI doesn’t mention Slavic Macedonians.Serbs in 13/14th century never mentioned Macedonians, but very often Greeks, Albanians, Vlachs and even the tiny Saxon community.The Macedonia proper during Serb rule was a separate province, with Greek as official language.

12. Not a single Turkish document mentions any “Macedonian” ethnicity nor the books by Turkish travelers.Not a single local work of literacy mentions “Macedonians”,”Macedonian language” etc.There are hundred references from other Balkanites, Westerners, Russians all the way to 19th century about Greeks, Bulgarians, Serbs, Albanians, Jews, Vlachs but no Macedonians

13. The process of Bulgarian national awakening in FYROM, which began as a movement for Slavic-Bulgarian literacy, Church and school and ended with creation of VMRO (fmr. BMORK) is extensively studied and confirms that there wasn’t an atom of any authentic “Macedonian ethnic feeling” among the population.

14.Only in late 19th, early 20th century, conclusive with Yugoslav decision, based on the Commintern’s decision to establish a “Macedonian” nationality and state there are occasional and sporadic appearances of the Pseudomacedonian idea, in many cases by authors which renounced them later, like Misirkov. The population still considers itself Bulgarian, with lower percentage thinking of itself as “Macedonian” but not necessary in opposition with the broader Bulgarian national feeling.Most organization and eminent individuals fighting either for “Independent Macedonia” or Greater Bulgaria expressed their Bulgarian identity and that is extensively documentated.

15. Even after the process of ethno-lingustic mutation, most folkloristic and lingustical features of the post-1944 “Macedonian” ethnos have strong analogies with Bulgarian vernacular.

So, Pseudomacedonians, what are you doing constructively, excluding your opposition of overwhelming, rigidly scientifically analyzed evidence for the Greekness of Macedonia and Macedonians, your opposition to the fact that no significant cultural and biological admixture happened between Slavs and Greeks, that history doesn’t know for Macedonian identity of Slavic type attested in documents and other points which testify against your ideology?

You use nothing else than stubbornness nurtured out of spiritual impoverishment of Pseudomacedonian culture and fanatical, extensive injection of pseudonationalism by VMRO-DPMNE and the attached crew of pseudohistorians, together with other forms of indoctrination. All your “reasoning” is devastated by usage of brute logic in unity with fact and proper reasoning. In the attempt to gain some psychological pleasure from playing “tough opposition”, you will end like loosers and you are loosers now-programmed creatures by the political elite of FYROM, instead of emancipated beings capable of integrating and rationally judging all viewpoints.This is why I consider dialogue with you, in this dogmatic phase of yours, counterproductive until you start to absorb knowledge from primary sources and non-Pseudomacedonian authors. Then you will feel the bitter tragedy of your own brainwashing, together with the chance to opt-out from the world of dellusions.

Vasilj Gligorov